Planetary Map Quadrangle Layouts and Designations

Primary source: Batson RM: Map formats and projections used in planetary cartography.


Single-sheet planetary map layout


Mimas quads in the Semi-controlled Mosaic of Mimas. 1:1.5M, DLR (Roatsch et al. 2009)


Ceres global mosaic for Dawn FC images, at 1:2M scale


Single-sheet planetary map layout


Iapetus Quads. Semi-controlled Mosaic of Iapetus, 1:3M, DLR, Roatsch et al. 2009

A new topographic image atlas of Phobos

Phobos quads in the Controlled Mosaic of Phobos (Oberst, J, DLR. Photogrammetry: Oberst J, Willner K., Cartography: Semm S, Wahlisch M)


Four-sheet layout. Good for Moon-sized bodies at 1:5M scale.


Io quadrangles, 1:5M, USGS geologic mapping


8-sheet layout.


30-sheet layout (Mars, 1:5M)


Mars quadrangles with names (Mutch et al. 1976)


140-sheet layout. Mars, 1:2M.


1:2M Mars layout from the controlled photomosaic series of USGS


1:2M Mars quads with quad names from Mars WMS Server.


80-sheet layout, Mercury, 1:2M


62-sheet, Venus, 1:5M


Venus quadrangles with names from the IAU WGPSN


Venus 1:5M quads in the Venus’ Geologic Mappers Handbook. 1993   Reprinted from Ford and others (1989, figure 11). Ford, J.P., and 8 others, 1989, Spaceborne Radar Observations, A Guide for Magellan Radar-Image Analysis: JPL Publication 89-41,126 p.


Northern hemisphere Quadrangles as shown in Soviet Venera radar mosaic atlas


90-sheet 1:5M Venus quads in Fotokarta Venery Soviet series 1985-88. Source: Atlas of Terretstrial planets and their Moons, MIIGAIK 1992.



15 sheet layout. Mercury, 1:5M


Mercury quads from the IAU Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenlcature


New topographic and old albedo names of Mercury quads.


Mercury 1:5M quadrangles used previously, with albedo names.”For the initial 1:5,000,000 topographic maps of the parts of Mercury photographed by Mariner 10, we suggest that map sheets be assigned dual names. The first sheet name will be that of a prominent topographic feature, and the second name, to be placed in parentheses, will be that of an albedo feature as indicated” (Resolutions from the Second Meeting of the I.A.U. Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature, Moscow, USSR, July 14 and 18, 1975.)



Tethys quads, Semi-controlled Mosaic of Tethys 1:1M, DLR, Roatsch et al. 2009


Enceladus quads (tiles) 1:500k, Roatsch et al. 2008


Dione quads,  (tiles) 1:1M, Roatsch et al. 2008


Vesta quadrangles for 1:500k mapping



Ceres HAMO mapping at 1:750k scale


Ganymede qudrangles 1:5M



144 sheet layout, Moon, 1:1M. This is used by the The Lunar Astronautical Chart (LAC)  series and nomenclature maps. 


Sheet designations in the “Geologic Atlas of the Moon” map series. Near side only. 1:1M sheets.


Layout for mapping an irregular body

500kmars (1)

1:500k Mars MTM quads. (Mars Transverse Mercator). Quads are 5×5°. It has 1964 quads. Names are generated from center latitude (xx) and longitude (yyy), e.g., 40292.


“Sheet Lines System of the Topographic Image Map Mars 1:200,000”, DLR, Mars HRSC mapping. Gehrke et al. Cartography with HRSC on Mars Express – The New Series “Topographic Image Map Mars 1:200,000” Sheets are 2×2°, resulting in 59-70 cm large sheets. Mars is covered by 10,372 map sheets, 10,324 in Sinusoidal Projection and 48 in
Lambert Azimuthal Projection.


44-sheet orthographic projection, Photographic Lunar Atlas, 1960. 1:1,37M at the limbs. Near side only.


Sheets of the Orthographic Atlas of the Moon 1960


Consolidated Lunar Altas 1967 (full moon plates) 1:2.4M


Rectified Lunar Atlas 1963 1:3.5M, UoA Press. Near side only.


Chang’E Lunar Map – 188 subdivisions. 84-90: Polar azimuthal projection, 18-45: Lambert conformal conic projection, 0-18: Mercator projection. 2010.


30-quad scheme of new lunar geologic mapping. This scheme was proposed by Gaddis et al. 2004 and was also implemented for the chinese lunar geologic mapping at 1:2.5M scale. 



Vesta LAMO quads 1:200k



Ceres LAMO quads 1:250k

Column name Column description
Catalog ID (M) N/A
Title Title of map
Author Name of mapper(s), or author, PI, map editor, illustrator, etc. with roles
Nationality Nationality of author
Start date Year when mapping began / or year or observation
Date of publication Year of publication or completion of manusctipt (empty if not published yet)
Body Target name (planetary body)
Online Online references about the map
Projection Projection of map. 2-hemisphere is shown here.
Scale N/A
Orientation Orientation of map [north up, south up] – only for historic maps (north: cartographic tradition, south: astronomical tradition)
Publication type The type of work that contains the map. [standalone, journal, conference, atlas, book figure, book supplement, book plate, encyclopedia, multisheet, digital]
Type, purpose Type of map purpose [generic, outreach, science, citizen, surface operation (pre mission), landing site (post mission), observer, opposition, index, reference, eclipse/transit/occultation] generic: not defined, outreach: maps for the general public made b
Primary Nomenclature Laguage(s) of nomenclature displayed on the map [Latin, English etc., IAU, informal]. Latin for Latin nomenclature prior to IAU.
Ref (map) Full reference of map publication or publication that contains the map
DOI DOI number of map
ID (publication) ID of map publication or figure number
Origin type If this map is not original, the following codes are used: [L: language variant, N: new print, U: updated edition, C: copied / modified from another map, R: renovation map (digital version of paper map with slight changes), F facsimile. RP: republished in
Origin ID Any maps that this map is based on or copied from. Database ID of original map.
Based on map Name of mapper
Base (spacecraft, telescope) Name of spacecraft / instrument
Original title Title of map in original langage (if not English)
Publisher Name of Publisher; manuscript or self-published. For journals and conferences, the name of the journal or conference.
Coverage Coverage of map [global, hemispheric, regional, local, landing site, landing ellipse, traverse]
Target location IAU name of target feature (if named) or near side, far side etc. (If nothing noted, it is global)
Country Country of Publisher (original/translation)
Type, content Type of map [photo, map, sketch map, drawing, globe, tactile, data]. Data for raster datasets. For vector data, see Feature DB. Drawing: no grid, scale, projection etc.
Image base Base theme of the map [shaded relief, photomosaic, photo, none]
Theme Theme of map [visual, albedo, radar, low sun, topography, elevation, geology, geomorphology, art, nomenclature reference, feature, landing site reference, opposition map, event (eclipse etc) etc.]. Low sun is optical photo with shadows and no albedo. Vis
Technique Cartographic technique [imagemap, datamap, cartographic map, unit map, airbrush, pencil, line drawing/outline, contour lines, DEM, DIM, shaded relief / hillshading, raster data etc.]
Style Details on style
Method Method how the data was obtained
Mapping scale Scale of mapping
Resolution Raster dataset resoltion [m/pixel]
Short Reference Short form of reference to the map publication
GIS / data URL where GIS or original spatial data is
Data provider N/A
Profession Profession of author (for historic maps)
Designator Sheet designator terms following Greeley and Batson (1990) Planetary Mapping. Cambridge University Press. – only if displayed on the map. First letter: target body, 5M: scale, 90/0 etc: center coordinates, OM – orthophotomosaic , T – Topographic data (nom
Control Controlled, semi-controlled, uncontrolled
Note on control Base of control
Series title Title of map series
Number of maps (in work) N/A
Number of quads N/A
Quad ID Quad ID (or quads IDs) contained on the map
Map Diameter N/A
Map width cm N/A
Map height cm N/A
Map width px N/A
Map height px N/A
Base type Type of instrument of observation of base data [naked eye, telescope, spacecraft, space telescope, lander]
Location of copy Library or archive where manuscript or rare copy is kept
Ref (literature) Reference – literature about the map, may be the source of data if the map is not available. Separated with # symbols.
Status (2017) Status of mapping [complete, in progress, in review] (mostly for USGS maps)
Aim Original aim of mapping, if available
Notes Any comments, remarks [Long text, may be multiple paragraphs]
Secondary nomenclature Other languages of the nomenclature
Nomenclature Notes Remarks on nomenclature
Photo note N/A
Reference frame ID from RefFrames
web2 Online references about the map
web3 Online references about the map
web4 Online references about the map
ocentric/ographic Map coordinate [planetographic, planetocentric]
W 360E N/A
E 360E N/A
W 180 N/A
E 180 N/A
W 360W N/A
R 360W N/A
fig1 N/A
fig1 caption N/A
fig2 N/A
fig2 caption N/A
fig3 N/A
fig3 caption N/A
fig4 N/A
fig4 caption N/A
fig5 N/A
fig5 caption N/A
Sum $180