TRANSACTIONS OF THE IAU : VOLUME II
(the following is excerpted from the book published by Imperial College Bookstall)
SECOND GENERAL ASSEMBLY (CAMBRIDGE, JULY 14 to JULY 22, 1925)
PROF. A. FOWLER, F.R.S.
from pp. 54-55
17. COMMISSION DE NOMENCLATURE LUNAIRE.
PRESIDENT–Professor H. H. Turner, F.R.S., University Observatory, Oxford, England.
MEMBERS –Miss Blagg, MM. G. Bigordan, W. H. Pickering, P. Puiseux.
REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT.
The circumstances regarding the inception of this work, on the initiative of the late S. A. Saunder, in 1905, were recalled in the last report ; and the history of the, work preparatory to the actual fixing Of a standard nomenclature was traced up to its conclusion, which Miss Blagg (who has had a large share in it) was able to announce in a final note. Briefly, the map of the Moon suggested by Saunder has been concluded, a collated list of the different names of lunar formations has been printed, and reference numbers from the list have been entered on the map.
[The map was exhibited at Rome, but only a few minutes were available for its inspection. It will be taken to Cambridge, where a fuller opportunity for examining it may be possible.]
Nothing further has been done since that time, since it seems desirable not to be too hasty at present in matters requiring universal assent, or in which universal assent may be attained by a little delay. The essential preparations for decision are made, and decision could be proceeded with if the Union should so prefer. If it prefers the Fabian course, it would seem nevertheless better to keep the Committee in being, as a starting point for the machinery of decision when the time arrives.
H. H. Turner,
March 30, 1925. President of the Commission.
Miss Blagg has sent the following suggestions with regard to future procedure :
1. NAMED OBJECTS.
(a) The following names should be retained :
- (1) Those on which the three authorities in the Collated List concur ;
- (2) Those on which two concur, the third giving no name ;
- (3) Those given by any one of the three, the other two giving no name ; excepting such names as appear to have been hastily or mistakenly given to objects either non-existent or inconspicuous.
(b) Each case in which any two authorities give different names should be decided on its own merits.
(c) Names only recently given, and new suggested names, to be sparingly adopted, and only by unanimous vote of the Committee.
(d) A definite abbreviation, consisting of not more than four letters, to be chosen for each name.
II. LETTERED OBJECTS.
(a) Lettered objects to be dealt with :
- (1) In the main as in I (a), (b) and (c) ; but
- (2) Roman capitals only to be used for craters, etc. ; Greek small letters only for hills and mountain ranges ; Numbers for rills ;
- (3) This would involve the loss of some of the early letters of the alphabet in many cases, which, however, seems a lesser evil than wholesale alterations in the lettering.
(b) Where the same letter has been used twice in connection with the same formation, one of the objects should if practicable, receive a name, otherwise, one of the letters would have to be altered.
(c) On one of the sets of maps the abbreviated names and letters finally adopted should be inserted, and boundary lines should be drawn to enclose an area for each named formation, these areas to agree as nearly as possible with the name-prefixes, used by the three authorities. Copies of this map should then be printed and published.
A Catalogue should be made of all the names and letters, with the number of each in the Collated List.
May 25, 1925. H . H. T.
from pp. 189-190
(17) LUNAR NOMENCLATURE.
Professor Turner presided and presented the report (p. 54). Dr. Steavenson kindly undertook the duties of Secretary.
Miss Blagg exhibited the outline map constructed by herself and by the late Mr. W. H. Wesley from the measures of Franz and Saunder. She reported that the bulk of the work in connection with the identification and numbering of the formations had now been done. There were 21 cases of the same name being given to two formations, and 18 cases of formations with two names.
The following resolutions were adopted :
(1) That Miss Blagg be invited to make suggestions with regard to the outstanding points of difficulty already mentioned, and to submit them to the Commission.
(2) That the Commission should take into careful consideration the question of including in the general scheme of nomenclature those regions which, not included in the chart as at present drawn, are brought into view at extreme librations.
(3) That the Commission should consider the question of the letters finally to be assigned to the smaller formations, of which the cases of doubt were much more numerous.
The Report was adopted for presentation to the General Assembly.
(the preceding resolutions are repeated in French on p. 233)
|Column name||Column description|
|Catalog ID (M)||N/A|
|Title||Title of map|
|Author||Name of mapper(s), or author, PI, map editor, illustrator, etc. with roles|
|Nationality||Nationality of author|
|Start date||Year when mapping began / or year or observation|
|Date of publication||Year of publication or completion of manusctipt (empty if not published yet)|
|Body||Target name (planetary body)|
|Online||Online references about the map|
|Projection||Projection of map. 2-hemisphere is shown here.|
|Orientation||Orientation of map [north up, south up] – only for historic maps (north: cartographic tradition, south: astronomical tradition)|
|Publication type||The type of work that contains the map. [standalone, journal, conference, atlas, book figure, book supplement, book plate, encyclopedia, multisheet, digital]|
|Type, purpose||Type of map purpose [generic, outreach, science, citizen, surface operation (pre mission), landing site (post mission), observer, opposition, index, reference, eclipse/transit/occultation] generic: not defined, outreach: maps for the general public made b|
|Primary Nomenclature||Laguage(s) of nomenclature displayed on the map [Latin, English etc., IAU, informal]. Latin for Latin nomenclature prior to IAU.|
|Ref (map)||Full reference of map publication or publication that contains the map|
|DOI||DOI number of map|
|ID (publication)||ID of map publication or figure number|
|Origin type||If this map is not original, the following codes are used: [L: language variant, N: new print, U: updated edition, C: copied / modified from another map, R: renovation map (digital version of paper map with slight changes), F facsimile. RP: republished in|
|Origin ID||Any maps that this map is based on or copied from. Database ID of original map.|
|Based on map||Name of mapper|
|Base (spacecraft, telescope)||Name of spacecraft / instrument|
|Original title||Title of map in original langage (if not English)|
|Publisher||Name of Publisher; manuscript or self-published. For journals and conferences, the name of the journal or conference.|
|Coverage||Coverage of map [global, hemispheric, regional, local, landing site, landing ellipse, traverse]|
|Target location||IAU name of target feature (if named) or near side, far side etc. (If nothing noted, it is global)|
|Country||Country of Publisher (original/translation)|
|Type, content||Type of map [photo, map, sketch map, drawing, globe, tactile, data]. Data for raster datasets. For vector data, see Feature DB. Drawing: no grid, scale, projection etc.|
|Image base||Base theme of the map [shaded relief, photomosaic, photo, none]|
|Theme||Theme of map [visual, albedo, radar, low sun, topography, elevation, geology, geomorphology, art, nomenclature reference, feature, landing site reference, opposition map, event (eclipse etc) etc.]. Low sun is optical photo with shadows and no albedo. Vis|
|Technique||Cartographic technique [imagemap, datamap, cartographic map, unit map, airbrush, pencil, line drawing/outline, contour lines, DEM, DIM, shaded relief / hillshading, raster data etc.]|
|Style||Details on style|
|Method||Method how the data was obtained|
|Mapping scale||Scale of mapping|
|Resolution||Raster dataset resoltion [m/pixel]|
|Short Reference||Short form of reference to the map publication|
|GIS / data||URL where GIS or original spatial data is|
|Profession||Profession of author (for historic maps)|
|Designator||Sheet designator terms following Greeley and Batson (1990) Planetary Mapping. Cambridge University Press. – only if displayed on the map. First letter: target body, 5M: scale, 90/0 etc: center coordinates, OM – orthophotomosaic , T – Topographic data (nom|
|Control||Controlled, semi-controlled, uncontrolled|
|Note on control||Base of control|
|Series title||Title of map series|
|Number of maps (in work)||N/A|
|Number of quads||N/A|
|Quad ID||Quad ID (or quads IDs) contained on the map|
|Map width cm||N/A|
|Map height cm||N/A|
|Map width px||N/A|
|Map height px||N/A|
|Base type||Type of instrument of observation of base data [naked eye, telescope, spacecraft, space telescope, lander]|
|Location of copy||Library or archive where manuscript or rare copy is kept|
|Ref (literature)||Reference – literature about the map, may be the source of data if the map is not available. Separated with # symbols.|
|Status (2017)||Status of mapping [complete, in progress, in review] (mostly for USGS maps)|
|Aim||Original aim of mapping, if available|
|Notes||Any comments, remarks [Long text, may be multiple paragraphs]|
|Secondary nomenclature||Other languages of the nomenclature|
|Nomenclature Notes||Remarks on nomenclature|
|Reference frame||ID from RefFrames|
|web2||Online references about the map|
|web3||Online references about the map|
|web4||Online references about the map|
|ocentric/ographic||Map coordinate [planetographic, planetocentric]|